Children bump their heads on walls all the time and sometimes it’s difficult to tell if it’s a mild, moderate or severe injury. Take note, any bump on the head is classified as a head injury.
Although most childhood injuries are mild and can be managed at home, you should still see a pediatrician for a proper diagnosis.
A head injury is any damage to the skull, scalp, brain or blood vessels, and it is categorized as either;
Most childhood falls are external and not as dangerous. However, if you suspect that the child has an internal head injury, visit our pediatric emergency room in Baytown, TX.
Regardless of whether the injury is external or internal, the child may have one of the following types of head injuries;
Your child has a mild head injury if they have headaches, irritability, sensitivity to light, swelling on the head, shallow cut in the head, lightheadedness, confusion, balance problems, blurred or double vision, tiredness, and lethargy.
Moderate to severe head injury symptoms include; loss of consciousness, repeated nausea and vomiting, slurred speech, loss of short-term memory, sweating, seizures and convulsions, deep cut in the scalp, pale skin, and dark circle in the eye pupil.
Head injuries are one of the leading causes of death and disability in children. Therefore, visit a pediatric emergency room if you notice constant crying and irritability, persistent headaches, recurring vomiting, and difficulty when walking.
It is crucial to seek medical advice when you are in doubt about the condition of your child, even if the child doesn’t have serious injuries.
If the child is not an infant and is still conscious and alert, apply an ice pack on the injured area for 20 minutes every four hours. Plus, observe the child for 24 hours for any further complications that may develop.
If they are unconscious, don’t move them in case there is a neck or spine injury, and call for help. Also, don’t attempt to clean or apply pressure on the wound, as it can make the bleeding worse and fracture the skull.
As aforementioned, mild head injuries don’t need any treatment other than monitoring for the first 48 hours. However, if the injury is serious it’s prudent to take your child to an emergency room for observation. Our pediatrician will periodically assess the child’s condition and will discharge only when satisfied with the results.
They might prescribe pain relievers to ease headaches and pain. Take caution not to give your child aspirin or ibuprofen because these medications increase bleeding in the head.
At times, the child may need an Intensive Care Unit or surgery depending on the severity of the brain injury.
Although it is impossible to prevent your child from falls, there are certain steps you can take to reduce the impact;
The recovery process will depend on the severity of the injury, the child’s age, and the place affected. Most children have a low risk of complications, but they still need to be monitored for a quick recovery. Call our pediatrician as soon as an injury occurs or when you notice any abnormal behavior after an injury.