What Are Anxiety Disorders?

What Are Anxiety Disorders?

Feb 01, 2021

We all experience some form of anxiety. It happens when we find ourselves in situations that prove to be uncomfortable. Many times, we feel our heart racing and mouths drying up in these situations. We fidget and become restless. However, this is occasional and is not anywhere as bad as making us seek 24-hour emergency care. With anxiety disorders, it is different.


Anxiety disorders cause repeated episodes of intense anxiety and fear that peak within minutes. This can easily land you in an ER near you. People with anxiety disorders have excessive fear about situations that should otherwise elicit no fear at all. They are not easy to control and can last long enough to interfere with daily activities. At an emergency room near you, you may get medication to help with anxiety after you’re fully assessed by a doctor. There are several types of anxiety disorders. We will discuss these and other aspects in this article.


What Are The Symptoms Of Anxiety Disorders?

Common symptoms include an increased heart rate, increased breath rate(hyperventilation), and profuse sweating. The person feels like something very bad is about to happen and appears restless and tense. They have trouble concentrating on any other thing and trouble sleeping. Some people experience excess bowel movements.


For some people, certain situations or places trigger these symptoms. Hence, avoiding these triggers helps. Symptoms can start during childhood or teenage and progress into adulthood. One may need to go into an emergency room in Baytown to confirm that these symptoms are not due to a serious heart problem. There, you will have an EKG, blood tests, and a chest X-ray done.


Types Of Anxiety Disorders

There are several types of anxiety disorders. Agoraphobia is the kind where one fears certain places or situations and avoids them. A generalized anxiety disorder is an excessive worry over routine activities. Sometimes, symptoms of an anxiety disorder are directly caused by a physical health problem. This is an anxiety disorder due to a medical condition. A panic disorder refers to repeated episodes of sudden intense anxiety that peaks within minutes. It is commonly known as a panic attack. A substance-induced anxiety disorder is a result of misusing drugs.


Other types include selective mutism, separation anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, and specific phobias.


Causes Of Anxiety Disorders

This part of things is not fully clear. We know that certain life experiences can trigger anxiety disorders in people. Genes may also play a role. In some cases, it is linked to a medical problem. Many medical problems can cause anxiety disorders. These include heart problems, diabetes, drug misuse or withdrawal, respiratory diseases like asthma, and some tumors. Certain factors can increase the risk of anxiety disorders. Let’s see what these risk factors are.


Trauma is a major risk factor. Children who have suffered emotional abuse or witnessed traumatic events have a higher chance of developing an anxiety disorder. The same applies to adults. Stress is another risk factor. For some people, it is stress due to an illness and a constant worry about the future. Stress due to life situations can also trigger anxiety disorders. 

Some people have personalities that predispose them to anxiety disorders. Generally, people with other mental health disorders like depression are at risk of developing anxiety disorders.


Prevention Of Anxiety Disorders

There’s no way to predict what will cause an anxiety disorder but you should try to seek help when necessary. If you feel like you’re worrying too much over some issues and it is interfering with your daily life, see a doctor or mental health provider. If suicidal thoughts or ideas pop in, seek emergency care near you immediately. If you have other mental health concerns or think your anxiety is linked to a physical health problem, please see a doctor.


Having an anxiety disorder can lead to problems in other areas of one’s life. One may not be able to function well in school and work. Some people misuse hard drugs, fall into depression or have trouble sleeping as a result. Seek medical attention as soon as you can.

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