Things You Need to Know About STDs

Things You Need to Know About STDs

May 01, 2022

Sexually transmitted diseases are an uncomfortable topic to talk about, but necessary. Because they are often sexually transmitted, it is advisable to visit an emergency room near you for testing if you have unprotected sex or have multiple partners.

These diseases can be benign and present no threat to the body. However, most are known to cause severe complications, especially if the treatment is not started on time. Unfortunately, some people do not know what STDs are, how they spread, and what can be done. Below we discuss six facts about sexually transmitted diseases.

What Are Sexually Transmitted Diseases?

STDs are caused by viruses, bacteria, and parasites that pass from one to the other through blood, semen, vaginal and bodily fluids. These diseases are common but do not show symptoms, at least, in the early stages.

But, without proper treatment, STDs lead to health complications, and others can be fatal.

Fortunately, they can be detected and treated on time—visit an ER near you if you are sexually active.

Although they are often confused, STI and STDs are not the same. Sexually Transmitted Infections, occurring when bacteria, viruses, or parasites attack the body, are the precursor for the disease. But, not all STDs are caused by an infection.

What Facts of STDs Should You Know?

According to CDC, approximately 19 million Americans contract an STD annually. Sexually Transmitted Diseases can be treated if diagnosed early. It is recommended to know about sexually transmitted diseases and what you can expect. Here are six facts about STDs to note:

  • There are Over 25 STDs 

Sexually transmitted diseases are caused by viruses, bacteria, parasites and spread through contact. But, there are several types of STDs, and all manifest differently, and the most common types include:

  • Chlamydia
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
  • Gonorrhea
  • Syphilis
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
  • Genital Herpes
  • Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)
  • Pubic lice or crabs
  • Some STDs are Treatable, But Other Are Only Managed

Gonorrhea, syphilis, and Chlamydia are treatable with antibiotics. However, other diseases like those caused by virus-like, hepatitis, genital warts, HIV cannot be treated but only managed.

  • Several STDs Present No Symptoms

Several STDs do not present symptoms early, making them easy to spread. Chlamydia, Herpes, HPV, Trichomoniasis, and gonorrhea do not have noticeable symptoms. It may take several months for certain STDs, like HIV, to manifest fully. And, worse still, some STDs mimic other infections like yeast or urinary tract infections. Unfortunately, untreated sexually transmitted diseases can lead to serious problems like a liver failure from Hepatitis B, heart damage from syphilis, or cancer from HPV. Pregnant women are at risk of ectopic pregnancy or premature delivery. It is recommended to visit an ER in Baytown for screening if you exhibit symptoms like burning sensation when urinating or colored discharge.

  • Oral Sex is as Dangerous 

A common misconception is that you can not get STD through oral sex, but that is untrue. Many sexually transmitted diseases spread in the mouth, throat, or genitals. Yes, you can develop herpes, gonorrhea, Hepatitis B, and syphilis through oral sex with an infected person. It is advisable to use protection or a dental dam orally when you have sexual relations to reduce the risk.

  • Some of the STDs Can Cause Infertility in Women 

Gonorrhea and Chlamydia cause infertility in women. These STDs, left untreated, spread to the uterus or fallopian tubes, leading to pelvic inflammatory disease. This will cause inflammation, scarring, and blockage of the fallopian tubes. Scarring can affect the eggs and prevent them from traveling to the uterus.

Can You Prevent an STD?

Yes, STDs are preventable by practicing safe sex, abstinence, and having one sexual partner. It is advisable to wait until your new partners are tested at an emergency room in Baytown before having sexual relations.

Vaccination can also work against several STDs like HPV, Hepatitis A, and B. Visit a 24-hour emergency clinic for more information on the available vaccinations. Limit drinking alcohol and avoid using drugs because you are likely to take sexual risks.

Schedule an Appointment

Call or visit Altus Emergency Center for information about STDs and how you can prevent them.

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